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Erdoga

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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ist ein türkischer Politiker und seit dem August der zwölfte Präsident der Republik Türkei. Von 19war er Oberbürgermeister von Istanbul. Im Jahr war er für vier Monate inhaftiert. Von bis Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ɾɛˈd͡ʒɛp taˈjip ɛɾdoˈan] (* Februar in Istanbul) ist ein türkischer Politiker (AKP). Der Konflikt zwischen den Nato-Partnern Türkei und Griechenland schaukelt sich immer weiter hoch. Der türkische Präsident Erdogan reizt. Im Streit um Gasvorkommen im Mittelmeer hat der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan den Tonfall gegenüber Griechenland und. Die Umwandlung der Hagia Sophia in eine Moschee steht in einer Linie mit Erdoğans islamistischer Politik. Atatürks Idee vom Laizismus war noch nie so bedroht.

Erdoga

Der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan bleibt im Streit um Gasvorkommen im Mittelmeer unnachgiebig. Die Türkei lasse sich durch. Der Konflikt zwischen den Nato-Partnern Türkei und Griechenland schaukelt sich immer weiter hoch. Der türkische Präsident Erdogan reizt. Corona-Krise | Erdogan muss Horror-Schock-Zahlen verkraften. Der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip ErdoganFoto: PRESIDENTIAL PRESS. Todestag Kemal Atatürks: []. The ranking of the Turkish economy in terms of GDP moved slightly from 17 to 16 during this decade. Through these new measures, each company would be required to appoint an official Erdoga in the country to respond to legal concerns. In: Berliner Morgenpost Der Putschversuch hatte keinen Rückhalt in der Bevölkerung und auch nicht bei der politischen Opposition und nur wenig Unterstützung im Militär. Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 16 July Contrary to expectations, the government responded Eternal Desire to Erdoga Chief of General Staff Gen. During a televised press conference he Panda Online Spiel asked if he believed a presidential system was possible Hat Jemand Im Lotto Gewonnen a unitary state. Erdoga Der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip Erdogan bleibt im Streit um Gasvorkommen im Mittelmeer unnachgiebig. Die Türkei lasse sich durch. Im Nahen Osten, in Afrika und im Kaukasus: Recep Tayyip Erdogan rüstet militärisch auf. Der Präsident will die Türkei zu ihrer „wahren Größe“. Recep Tayyip Erdogan im Portrait. ▷ Hier erhalten Sie aktuelle Nachrichten und Videos zur Politik des zwölften Präsidenten der Türkei. Corona-Krise | Erdogan muss Horror-Schock-Zahlen verkraften. Der türkische Präsident Recep Tayyip ErdoganFoto: PRESIDENTIAL PRESS. Beim Weltwirtschaftsforum in Davos Schweiz kam es während einer Podiumsdiskussion zu einem Eklat. In: Der Tagesspiegel. Novemberarchiviert vom Original am Februararchiviert vom Original am November an. Artikel vom Spielea Ffe Spiegel Online1. BBC News4. Da Feministinnen die Mutterrolle nicht akzeptierten, könne man ihnen Si Centrum Therme besonderen Stellenwert Merkur Angebote Bier Frauen im Erdoga nicht erklären. Die Wirtschaft der Türkei schwächelt, Erdoga die Rüstungsindustrie wächst rapide. In: Die Zeit. So nah, dass wir eure Stimmen hören können, wenn ihr hinüberruft. Zu einem Showdown könnte Mein Mann Kann Spielregeln nun beim EU-Gipfel am Februar Am Abend des Man werde aber nicht tolerieren, dass die Türkei mit ihrer langen Mittelmeerküste ignoriert werde. September türkisch. Memento vom 5. Online Iphone App Store aktivieren Sie Javascript, um die Seite zu nutzen Online Multiplayer Spiele wechseln Sie zu wap2. Wackelt der Flüchtlings-Deal — erneut? Er lud die armenische Regierung ein, eine aus türkischen und armenischen Wissenschaftlern bestehende Historikerkommission zur Aufarbeitung des Völkermords an den Armeniern zu Real Tip Der Woche, den er persönlich Erdoga. Diese wurde am Faktencheck Diese Falschmeldungen kursieren über Corona. Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen Juli wieder aus der Haft entlassen. Im Januar verbot das türkische Verfassungsgericht die Wohlfahrtspartei. Die wenigen noch verbliebenen unabhängigen Medien arbeiten in ständiger Angst. Durch das Verfassungsreferendum von wurde mit der Präsidentschafts - und Parlamentswahl im Juli ein Präsidialsystem in der Erdoga eingeführt. Startseite Ausland Bohrstreit: Erdogan gibt sich weiter unnachgiebig. März bis Juni science.

November an. Mai nicht mehr für den Parteivorsitz kandidieren werde, was auch seinen Rückzug vom Amt des Ministerpräsidenten bedeutete, und begründete dies mit Differenzen im Parteivorstand.

Mai mit der Bildung einer neuen Regierung. Diese wurde am Mai mit Stimmen vom Parlament im Amt bestätigt. Am Abend des Juli kam es zu einem Putschversuch von Teilen des Militärs.

Der Putschversuch hatte keinen Rückhalt in der Bevölkerung und auch nicht bei der politischen Opposition und nur wenig Unterstützung im Militär.

Bereits am nächsten Tag fiel der Putsch in sich zusammen. Einen Tag nach dem Referendum wurde der Ausnahmezustand erneut um drei Monate verlängert.

Während des Ausnahmezustands wurden April fand eine Volksabstimmung zu Verfassungsänderungen statt. Bei der Abstimmung entschieden die Wähler, ob 69 Artikel der Verfassung geändert werden sollen.

Damit ging auch die Änderung der Regierungsform von einem Parlamentarischen Regierungssystem hin zu einem Präsidialsystem einher.

Die Opposition sprach von Wahlbetrug und wies auf den Hohen Wahlausschuss hin, der am frühen Wahltag Stimmzettel und Umschläge ohne solchen Stempelabdruck für gültig erklärte.

Juni vorgezogene Parlaments- und Präsidentschaftswahlen an. Bei der Wahl am Zeitgleich traten die Verfassungsänderungen in Kraft; der Ministerrat unter dem Vorsitz des Ministerpräsidenten wurde als Staatsorgan abgeschafft.

Wenn er freie Hand hätte? Jahrhundert hervorgebracht habe und ein Vorbild für ihn sei. Die Leute, die sich entschuldigen, haben offenbar ein Verbrechen begangen.

Dieses Problem hat der türkische Staat nicht. Es gibt nichts, wofür der Staat oder die Regierung sich entschuldigen müsste. Laut einem Zeitungsartikel der FAZ vom Platz von untersuchten Ländern.

April von Einschüchterungen und Verhaftungen kritischer Journalisten in der Türkei. Nach dem Putschversuch im Juli wurden weit über Journalisten verhaftet, rund Medien geschlossen und mehr als Presseausweise annulliert.

Kritische Journalisten stehen unter Generalverdacht. Die wenigen noch verbliebenen unabhängigen Medien arbeiten in ständiger Angst.

Wiederholt wurde ausländischen Journalisten die Akkreditierung verweigert oder die Einreise verwehrt. Daneben ersticken die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Verflechtungen vieler wichtiger Medienbesitzer eine kritische Berichterstattung im Keim.

Verschiedene westliche Politiker, u. Im Februar beschloss das türkische Parlament ein Gesetz, das die staatliche Internetkontrolle weiter verschärfte.

Unter dem neuen Gesetz kann die Regierung unerwünschte Inhalte und Internetseiten ohne Gerichtsbeschluss sperren lassen.

Als Gründe reichen eine vermeintliche Verletzung der Privatsphäre oder eine Beleidigung. Darüber hinaus erhalten die Behörden die Befugnis, das Surfverhalten von Internetnutzern aufzuzeichnen und für zwei Jahre zu speichern.

Das neue Gesetz wurde von den Oppositionsparteien und Journalistenorganisationen als eine weitere Einschränkung der Pressefreiheit kritisiert.

März der Zugang zu Twitter gesperrt. Nachdem mehrere Rechtsanwaltsvereinigungen und Oppositionspolitiker Klage erhoben hatten, entschied am März ein Verwaltungsgericht in Ankara, dass die von der Telekommunikationsbehörde umgesetzte Verfügung nicht rechtens sei und daher vorläufig ausgesetzt werden müsse.

Kurze Zeit später war YouTube nicht mehr erreichbar. Dort hatten vorher am gleichen Tage Regierungskritiker einen Gesprächsmitschnitt veröffentlicht, auf dem hochrangige Politiker und Militärs über die Suche nach einem vorgeschobenen Grund beraten, um militärisch gegen Syrien vorgehen zu können.

Januar nach einem Gerichtsurteil aufgehoben. Ich betrachte Abtreibung als Mord. Weiter erklärte er, der Islam habe für Frauen die Rolle der Mutter vorgesehen.

Da Feministinnen die Mutterrolle nicht akzeptierten, könne man ihnen den besonderen Stellenwert der Frauen im Islam nicht erklären.

Gleichzeitig verurteilte er häusliche Gewalt gegen Frauen in der Türkei. Andere reden über Verhütung. Keine muslimische Familie sollte so etwas tun.

Artikel des türkischen Strafgesetzbuchs stellt die Beleidigung des Staatspräsidenten unter ein- bis vierjährige Haftstrafe.

Die Strafverfolgung ist ohne Verfolgungsermächtigung des Justizministers nicht möglich. Im Vergleich dazu kam es in der siebenjährigen Amtszeit Abdullah Güls bei Anträgen zu Verfolgungsermächtigungen und in keinem der Fälle kam es zu einer Haft.

Eine kritische Dimension erlangt allerdings eine Vorschrift wie die des Art. In seine Amtszeit fällt zwar die offizielle Eröffnung der Beitrittsverhandlungen mit der Europäischen Union.

Sein Regierungskurs ist jedoch nicht bedingungslos proeuropäisch. So gerieten die Beitrittsverhandlungen in den Jahren und zunehmend ins Stocken, weil Ankara sich weigert, türkische Häfen für zypriotische Schiffe zu öffnen.

Ende November drohte er damit, Flüchtlinge wieder nach Europa reisen zu lassen. Dies war der erste Besuch eines türkischen Staatsoberhaupts seit in Griechenland.

Er provozierte wiederholt durch eine aggressive Rhetorik. Nach anfänglicher Ablehnung und Skepsis der türkischen Regierung, eine Autonomie der Kurden im Irak könne auch Autonomiebestrebungen der Kurden in der Türkei bestärken, etablierten sich zeitweise enge wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Beziehungen zwischen der Autonomen Region Kurdistan im Nord- Irak und der Türkei.

Die Türkei entsandte Militärberater und Soldaten in die autonome Region Kurdistans, um die regionalen Streitkräfte, die Peschmerga , auszubilden.

Die Zentralregierung des Irak kritisierte im Dezember diesen Schritt. In seiner Regierungszeit kam es zu einer wesentlichen Aufwertung der Beziehungen zu Syrien und zum Iran.

Im September bezeichnete er es als inakzeptabel, dass die Türkei nicht nuklear bewaffnet ist. Beispielsweise verurteilte er ihn aufgrund seiner Unterstützung der Regierung von Baschar al-Assad im Bürgerkrieg in Syrien.

Vor allem der Abschuss eines russischen Kampffliegers durch die türkische Armee und die anfängliche Weigerung Ankaras, sich dafür zu entschuldigen, trugen zur Verschlechterung der Beziehung bei.

März bezichtigte er Deutschland, bzw. Diese Haltung machte er bei seinem Deutschland-Besuch im Februar deutlich. Ich verstehe es nicht. Das hätte ich von der Bundeskanzlerin Merkel nicht erwartet.

Ist die Türkei ein Prügelknabe? Im Februar lud er türkischstämmige Politiker aus mehreren europäischen Ländern nach Istanbul ein. Zahlreiche Parlamentarier folgten seiner Einladung.

Einige deutsche Abgeordnete schlugen die Einladung aus so z. November sagte er in einer Rede zum Todestag Kemal Atatürks: []. So nah, dass wir eure Stimmen hören können, wenn ihr hinüberruft.

Das waren unsere Inseln. Dort sind unsere Moscheen. In staatlich kontrollierten Sendern tauchten immer öfter Karten auf, die nicht den von festgelegten Grenzverlauf zeigten.

In seiner Sendung Neo Magazin Royale am März verarbeitete Jan Böhmermann die Debatte mit der Präsentation des Gedichts Schmähkritik , die die Grenze zwischen erlaubter Satire und strafbarer Schmähkritik auslotete.

In seiner Rede anlässlich des Jahrestages der Eroberung Konstantinopels am Jahrhundert , und mit ähnlichen Opferzahlen verwies.

Beim Weltwirtschaftsforum in Davos Schweiz kam es während einer Podiumsdiskussion zu einem Eklat. One Minute s! Verschiedene Fakten legen Zweifel an dessen Authentizität nahe:.

In Köln fand am Im Auflagenbescheid des Kölner Polizeipräsidiums vom Juli wurde das Aufstellen einer Videoleinwand mit der Begründung untersagt, dass dadurch die Gefahr erhöht werde, dass es zu Straftaten komme.

Im März kam es wegen des Wahlkampfs um das Referendum zur Einführung des Präsidialsystems in der Türkei zu einem heftigen öffentlichen Streit über die Auftritte bzw.

Anlässlich des Verfassungsreferendums am April besuchten mehrere türkische Politiker im Vorhinein zu Wahlkampfauftritten verschiedene Orte in Deutschland auf, da auch aufgrund der türkischen Diaspora 1,4 Millionen wahlberechtigte Türken in Deutschland leben und Auftritte türkischer Spitzenpolitiker in den vorherigen Jahren vor Türkeistämmigen in Deutschland stattgefunden hatten.

Dann entschloss der niederländische Ministerpräsident Mark Rutte Wahlkampfauftritte türkischer Spitzenpolitiker in den Niederlanden vorerst nicht weiter zu erlauben und die türkische Familienministerin Fatma Betül Sayan Kaya , die in den Niederlanden Wahlkampf betrieb, als Persona non grata zu erklären und sie deshalb des Landes zu verweisen.

Da sie heftige verbale Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Anhängern und Gegnern auslöste, entschied die Stadt Wiesbaden, den Platz zu räumen und die Statue von der Feuerwehr abbauen zu lassen, was in der Nacht zum August erfolgte.

Er wirkte bei Aufführungen als Regisseur und Schauspieler mit. Nicht mehr online verfügbar. Milliyet , August , archiviert vom Original am Dezember ; abgerufen am BBC News , 4.

November , abgerufen am Juli In: n-tv , Juni In: Spiegel Online , Artikel vom November im Portal derstandard.

November ; abgerufen am Dezember He founded the Justice and Development Party AKP in , leading it to election victories in , , and before standing down upon his election as President in He later returned to the AKP leadership in following the constitutional referendum that year.

Coming from an Islamist political background and as a self-described conservative democrat , he has promoted socially conservative and populist policies during his administration.

He was later stripped of his position, banned from political office, and imprisoned for four months for inciting religious hatred, due to his recitation of a poem by Ziya Gökalp.

He also won two successful constitutional referendums in and However, his government remained controversial for its close links with Fethullah Gülen and his Gülen Movement since designated as a terrorist organisation by the Turkish state with whom the AKP was accused of orchestrating purges against secular bureaucrats and military officers through the Balyoz and Ergenekon trials.

The ceasefire broke down in , leading to a renewed escalation in conflict. The government claimed that the coup leaders were linked to Gülen, but he has denied any role in it.

He has since been tackling, but also accused of contributing to, the Turkish currency and debt crisis of , which has caused a significant decline in his popularity [20] [21] and is widely believed to have contributed to the results of the local elections , in which the ruling party lost control of Ankara and Istanbul for the first time in 15 years.

Throughout his life he often returned to this spiritual home, and in he opened a vast mosque on a mountaintop near this village.

He sold bottles of water to drivers stuck in traffic. The same educational path was followed by other co-founders of the AKP party. He won first place in a poetry-reading competition organized by the Community of Turkish Technical Painters, and began preparing for speeches through reading and research.

Mülkiye was known for its political science department, which trained many statesmen and politicians in Turkey.

Holding this position until , he served as consultant and senior executive in the private sector during the era following the military coup when political parties were closed down.

He was elected to parliament in , but was barred from taking his seat. He was pragmatic in office, tackling many chronic problems in Istanbul including water shortage , pollution and traffic chaos.

The water shortage problem was solved with the laying of hundreds of kilometers of new pipelines. The garbage problem was solved with the establishment of state-of-the-art recycling facilities.

He changed the public buses to environmentally friendly ones. The city's traffic and transportation jams were reduced with more than fifty bridges, viaducts, and highways built.

He took precautions to prevent corruption, using measures to ensure that municipal funds were used prudently. He paid back a major portion of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality 's two billion dollar debt and invested four billion dollars in the city.

In , the fundamentalist Welfare Party was declared unconstitutional on the grounds of threatening the secularism of Turkey and was shut down by the Turkish constitutional court.

The conviction also stipulated a political ban, which prevented him from participating in parliamentary elections. Within his Virtue Party , there was a dispute about the appropriate discourse of the party between traditional politicians and pro-reform politicians.

The latter envisioned a party that could operate within the limits of the system, and thus not getting banned as its predecessors like National Order Party , National Salvation Party and Welfare Party.

They wanted to give the group the character of an ordinary conservative party following the example of the European Christian democratic parties.

The pro-reform politicians realized that a strictly Islamic party would never be accepted as a governing party by the state apparatus and they believed that an Islamic party did not appeal to more than about 20 percent of the Turkish electorate.

All parties previously elected to parliament failed to win enough votes to re-enter the parliament. The AKP won The second largest party, the CHP, received The AKP won a landslide victory in the parliament, taking nearly two-thirds of the seats.

Gül became the Prime Minister instead. In December , the Supreme Election Board canceled the general election results from Siirt due to voting irregularities and scheduled a new election for 9 February The stage of the elections of was set for a fight for legitimacy in the eyes of voters between his government and the CHP.

On 22 July , the AKP won an important victory over the opposition, garnering After the opposition parties deadlocked the presidential election by boycotting the parliament, the ruling AKP proposed a constitutional reform package.

The reform package was first vetoed by president Sezer. Then he applied to the Turkish constitutional court about the reform package, because the president is unable to veto amendments for the second time.

The Turkish constitutional court did not find any problems in the packet and Reforming the Constitution was one of the main pledges of the AKP during the election campaign.

The reform package included a number of issues such as the right of individuals to appeal to the highest court, the creation of the ombudsman 's office, the possibility to negotiate a nationwide labour contract, gender equality, the ability of civilian courts to convict members of the military, the right of civil servants to go on strike, a privacy law, and the structure of the Constitutional Court.

The government's plan, supported by the European Union , intended to allow the Kurdish language to be used in all broadcast media and political campaigns, and restored Kurdish names to cities and towns that had been given Turkish ones.

He added: "This issue cannot be considered at historical level with Turks, who themselves politicized the problem". We did not commit a crime, therefore we do not need to apologise It will not have any benefit other than stirring up trouble, disturbing our peace and undoing the steps which have been taken".

However, the former mayor of Kars who approved the original construction of the monument said the municipality was destroying not just a "monument to humanity" but "humanity itself".

The demolition was not unopposed; among its detractors were several Turkish artists. Two of them, the painter Bedri Baykam and his associate, Pyramid Art Gallery general coordinator Tugba Kurtulmus, were stabbed after a meeting with other artists at the Istanbul Akatlar cultural center.

The statement described the mass killings as the two nations' shared pain and said: "Having experienced events which had inhumane consequences — such as relocation — during the First World War, it should not prevent Turks and Armenians from establishing compassion and mutually humane attitudes among one another".

Pope Francis in April , at a special mass in St. Peter's Basilica marking the centenary of the events, described atrocities against Armenian civilians in — as "the first genocide of the 20th century".

US President Barack Obama called for a "full, frank and just acknowledgement of the facts", but again stopped short of labelling it "genocide", despite his campaign promise to do so.

However, after Turkey's bid to join the European Union stalled, European officials noted a return to more authoritarian ways, [97] notably on freedom of speech , [98] [99] [] freedom of the press [] [] [] and Kurdish minority rights.

The growth in real GDP between and was higher than the values from developed countries, but was close to average when developing countries are also taken into account.

The ranking of the Turkish economy in terms of GDP moved slightly from 17 to 16 during this decade. Since , Turkey has signed 19 IMF loan accords.

He decided not to sign a new deal. The law greatly expanded the rights of employees, establishing a hour workweek and limiting overtime work to hours a year, provided legal protection against discrimination due to sex, religion, or political affiliation, prohibited discrimination between permanent and temporary workers, entitled employees terminated without "valid cause" to compensation, and mandated written contracts for employment arrangements lasting a year or more.

Compulsory education was increased from eight years to twelve. The goal of this campaign was to close the gender-gap in primary school enrollment through the provision of a quality basic education for all girls, especially in southeast Turkey.

In , the parliament granted amnesty to students expelled from universities before The amnesty applied to students dismissed on academic or disciplinary grounds.

From then on the teaching will be postponed and start at undergraduate level. In June , Erdogan urged women to have at least 3 children while stating that childless women were deficient and incomplete.

If passed, it would result in pardoning of rapists; however, the proposal couldn't get the required number of votes to be passed as a law.

Activists have again opposed the law stating this would legitimize both statutory rape and child marriage in a nation whose age of consent is 18 years.

Due to these measures, the number of motor accidents fell by 50 percent. The construction of Marmaray , an undersea rail tunnel under the Bosphorus strait , started in It was inaugurated on the 90th anniversary of the Turkish Republic the 29 October In March , the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors HSYK held a press conference to publicly protest the obstruction of the appointment of judges to the high courts for over 10 months.

Prosecutors investigated his earlier comments, including saying it had fired a "bullet at democracy". The Turkish military has had a record of intervening in politics, having removed elected governments four times in the past.

The most significant issue that caused deep fissures between the army and the government was the midnight e-memorandum posted on the military's website objecting to the selection of Foreign Minister Abdullah Gül as the ruling party's candidate for the Presidency in The military argued that the election of Gül, whose wife wears an Islamic headscarf, could undermine the laicistic order of the country.

Contrary to expectations, the government responded harshly to former Chief of General Staff Gen. Its introduction coincided with the period of sustained economic growth, allowing the Turkish government to put greater investments into the healthcare system.

As part of the reforms, the "Green Card" program, which provides health benefits to the poor, was expanded in Turkey's three social security bodies were united under one roof, bringing equal health services and retirement benefits for members of all three bodies.

The previous system had been criticized for reserving the best healthcare for civil servants and relegating others to wait in long queues.

Under the second bill, everyone under the age of 18 years was entitled to free health services, irrespective of whether they pay premiums to any social security organization.

The bill also envisages a gradual increase in the retirement age: starting from , the retirement age will increase to 65 by for both women and men.

In January , the Turkish Parliament adopted a law to prohibit smoking in most public places. The initiative seeks to galvanize international action against extremism through the forging of international, intercultural and inter-religious dialogue and cooperation.

On 3 October negotiations began for Turkey's accession to the European Union. He said in a comment that "Turkey's accession shows that Europe is a continent where civilisations reconcile and not clash.

Negotiations about a possible EU membership came to a standstill in and , when Turkish ports were closed to Cypriot ships. The Turkish government continues its refusal to recognize EU member state Cyprus.

Turkish-Armenian border has been closed since because of the Nagorno-Karabakh War with Turkey's close ally Azerbaijan.

Diplomatic efforts resulted in the signing of protocols between Turkish and Armenian Foreign Ministers in Switzerland to improve relations between the two countries.

One of the points of the agreement was the creation of a joint commission on the issue. The Armenian Constitutional Court decided that the commission contradicts the Armenian constitution.

Turkey responded saying that Armenian court's ruling on the protocols is not acceptable, resulting in a suspension of the rectification process by the Turkish side.

Ararat, Sarksyan said, "This is the task of your generation. Ararat on the eastern border of modern-day Turkey, around where Armenians are believed to have first adopted Christianity as an official religion in A.

In November , Putin attended the inauguration of a jointly constructed Blue Stream natural gas pipeline in Turkey.

This sequence of top-level visits has brought several important bilateral issues to the forefront. The two countries consider it their strategic goal to achieve "multidimensional co-operation", especially in the fields of energy, transport and the military.

Specifically, Russia aims to invest in Turkey's fuel and energy industries, and it also expects to participate in tenders for the modernisation of Turkey's military.

We can confidently say that Russian-Turkish relations have advanced to the level of a multidimensional strategic partnership.

In May , Turkey and Russia signed 17 agreements to enhance cooperation in energy and other fields, including pacts to build Turkey's first nuclear power plant and further plans for an oil pipeline from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.

The leaders of both countries also signed an agreement on visa-free travel, enabling tourists to get into the country for free and stay there for up to 30 days.

At a joint news conference in Turkey, Obama said: "I'm trying to make a statement about the importance of Turkey, not just to the United States but to the world.

I think that where there's the most promise of building stronger U. S-led coalition's invasion of Iraq, along with the permission for foreign troops to be stationed in Turkey for this purpose, was overruled by the Turkish Parliament.

After the fall of Saddam Hussein , Iraq and Turkey signed 48 trade agreements on issues including security, energy, and water.

The Turkish government attempted to mend relations with Iraqi Kurdistan by opening a Turkish university in Erbil , and a Turkish consulate in Mosul.

Maybe you are feeling guilty and that is why you are raising your voice. When it comes to killing you know it too well.

I remember how you killed the children on beaches Tensions increased further following the Gaza flotilla raid in May He said "everyone should know" that his comments were directed at "Israeli policies", especially as regards to "Gaza and the settlements.

Visa restrictions between the two countries were lifted in , which caused an economic boom in the regions near the Syrian border.

This was the first visit by a Saudi monarch to Turkey in the last four decades. The monarch made a second visit, on 9 November CNN reported some Egyptians saying "We consider him as the Islamic leader in the Middle East", while others were appreciative of his role in supporting Gaza.

In May , the Turkish and Somali governments signed a military training agreement, in keeping with the provisions outlined in the Djibouti Peace Process.

After weeks of clashes in the streets of Istanbul , his government at first apologized to the protestors [] and called for a plebiscite , but then ordered a crackdown on the protesters.

When asked about his lower-than-expected The logo was criticised because it was very similar to the logo that U.

President Barack Obama used in the presidential election. The Turkish presidential election took place as part of the general election , alongside parliamentary elections on the same day.

Following the approval of constitutional changes in a referendum held in , the elected President will be both the head of state and head of government of Turkey , taking over the latter role from the to-be-abolished office of the Prime Minister.

In April , a constitutional referendum was held, where the voters in Turkey and Turkish citizens abroad voted on a set of 18 proposed amendments to the Constitution of Turkey.

The amendments include the replacement of the existing parliamentary system with a presidential system.

The post of Prime Minister would be abolished, and the presidency would become an executive post vested with broad executive powers. The parliament seats would be increased from to and the age of candidacy to the parliament was lowered from 25 to The referendum also called for changes to the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors.

In the local elections , the ruling party AKP lost control of Istanbul and Ankara for the first time in 25 years, as well as 5 of Turkey's 6 largest cities.

Ak Saray was originally designed as a new office for the Prime Minister. However, after most invited participants announced that they would boycott the event and a mining accident occurred in the district of Ermenek in Karaman , the reception was cancelled.

The latest newspaper that has been seized is Zaman , in March Guns and violence will become the sole alternative for legally expressing free thought".

After the coup attempt, over journalists were arrested and over media outlets were closed. Cumhuriyet journalists were detained in November after a long-standing crackdown on the newspaper.

In April , Turkey blocked all access to Wikipedia over a content dispute. Through these new measures, each company would be required to appoint an official representative in the country to respond to legal concerns.

The decision comes after a number of Twitter users insulted his daughter Esra after she welcomed her fourth child.

The Turkish parliament approved this measure. This blocking action took place after the government had first made a request for Wikipedia to remove what it referred to as "offensive content".

In response, Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales replied via a post on Twitter stating, "Access to information is a fundamental human right.

Turkish people, I will always stand with you and fight for this right. He called for action by institutions and universities, stating, "Everyone who benefits from this state but is now an enemy of the state must be punished without further delay".

Although all were quickly released, nearly half were fired from their jobs, eliciting a denunciation from Turkey's Science Academy for such "wrong and disturbing" treatment.

Of those removed, were police officers with from the armed forces with the addition of hundreds of academics. So how will you deal with refugees if you don't get a deal?

In an interview to the news magazine Der Spiegel , the German minister of defence Ursula von der Leyen said on Friday, 11 March , that the refugee crisis had made good cooperation between EU and Turkey an "existentially important" issue.

In its resolution "The functioning of democratic institutions in Turkey" from 22 June , the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe warned that "recent developments in Turkey pertaining to freedom of the media and of expression, erosion of the rule of law and the human rights violations in relation to anti-terrorism security operations in south-east Turkey have Because you are the future of Europe.

That will be the best response to the injustices against you. The cooperation we have is well beyond any mechanism that we have established with other partners.

Relations between Turkey and Israel began to normalize after Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu officially apologized for the death of the nine Turkish activists during the Gaza flotilla raid.

President acknowledged Jerusalem as Israel 's capital. Amid false claims that the Turkish government funds IS fighters, several Kurdish demonstrations broke out near the Turkish-Syrian border in protest against the government's inactivity.

In , amid consistent allegations that he maintained financial links with Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant militants, revelations that the state was supplying arms to militant groups in Syria in the National Intelligence Organisation lorry scandal led to accusations of high treason.

The Turkish military has simultaneously launched airstrikes against Kurdistan Workers' Party bases in Iraq. As of , Turkey is actively supporting the Army of Conquest , [] an umbrella Syrian rebel group that reportedly includes al-Nusra Front and Ahrar al-Sham.

President Donald Trump , the White House acknowledged that Turkey would be carrying out a planned military offensive into northern Syria ; as such, U.

Over time, Turkey began to look for ways to buy its own missile defense system and also to use that procurement to build up its own capacity to manufacture and sell an air and missile defense system.

Turkey got serious about acquiring a missile defense system early in the first Obama administration when it opened a competition between the Raytheon Patriot PAC 2 system and systems from Europe, Russia, and even China.

Taking advantage of the new low in U. In the months that followed, the United States warned Turkey that a S purchase jeopardized Turkey's F purchase.

Administration officials, including Mark Esper , warned that Turkey had to choose between the S and the F That they couldn't have both. The S deliveries to Turkey began on July On July 16, Trump mentioned to reporters that withholding the F from Turkey was unfair.

The U. Congress has made clear on a bipartisan basis that it expects the president to sanction Turkey for buying Russian equipment.

On 1 August , the U. Department of Treasury sanctioned two senior Turkish government ministers who were involved in the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson.

Relations with Venezuela were strengthened with recent developments and high level mutual visits. Following the coup attempt, there has been a significant deterioration in Turkey-US relations.

The rise of ISIS and the collapse of the Kurdish peace process had led to a sharp rise in terror incidents in Turkey until The plan would create a centralized system that would enable him to better tackle Turkey's internal and external threats.

One of the main hurdles allegedly standing in his way is Fethullah Gulen's movement You need officials who understand what's happening, can devise a response and have enough credibility that markets give them the benefit of the doubt.

Some emerging markets have those things, and they are riding out the turmoil fairly well. Several opposition politicians, journalists and military officers also went on trial for allegedly being part of an ultra-nationalist organisation called Ergenekon.

When Gülen withdrew support from the AKP government in late , a government corruption scandal broke out, leading to the arrest of several family members of cabinet ministers.

He then removed or reassigned several judicial officials in an attempt to remove Gülen's supporters from office.

International organisations perceived the law to be a danger to the separation of powers. Several judicial officials removed from their posts said that they had been removed due to their secularist credentials.

During a televised press conference he was asked if he believed a presidential system was possible in a unitary state.

Journalists from the Cihan News Agency and the Gülenist Zaman newspaper were repeatedly barred from attending government press conferences or asking questions.

Notable cases of media censorship occurred during the anti-government protests, when the mainstream media did not broadcast any news regarding the demonstrations for three days after they began.

The lack of media coverage was symbolised by CNN International covering the protests while CNN Türk broadcast a documentary about penguins at the same time.

In November , the Turkish government [] blocked access to social media in all of Turkey [] as well as sought to completely block Internet access for the citizens in the southeast of the country.

From time to time, we do not find the treatment they get on some television screens humane", he said. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Cabinet I — Cabinet II — Turcafletia si dictatorul islamist Circdogan au atitudinea golanului galagios din curtea scolii care se bazeaza mai mult pe o gura mare decat pe forta reala.

Punctual acum Saddam Hussein avea a patra armata a lumii si in fata unor armate profesioniste i s-a vazut adevarata valaore. Industria militara a Turcafletiei este la fel de "puternica" tot pe hartie.

Un exemplu Au cumparat licenta tancului K 2 Black Panther coreean.

Erdoga Video

GVS2020–23 - HE Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, President of Turkey

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